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DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.78
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score1345.42
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webjanusgraph.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextChris DavisLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusOracle
Initial release20162000200620171980
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.5.0, March 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaPythonJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languagenonoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server PluginnoyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandranonenoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)horizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationnoneyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)noneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanOracle
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
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