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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP IQ vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP IQ vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.83
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score5.24
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#170  Overall
#28  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGoogleSAP, formerly SybaseGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release201719942000
Current release16.1 SPS04, April 201914.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ MultiplexerSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.SAP/Sybase Replication ServerMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowHadoop integrationyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQXAP
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