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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score4.61
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score26.46
Rank#29  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleSAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201719942014
Current release16.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.SAP/Sybase Replication Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
Recent citations in the news

Google Bolsters Cloud Spanner with Point-in-Time Recovery
6 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Google could match Amazon and Microsoft with virtual desktop tool but keeps it for employees only
12 April 2021, CNBC

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Cloud Spanner Adds Support for Liquibase
4 March 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

New Services In SAP HANA Cloud Lower TCO For Customers In
9 April 2021, MarTech Series

A look inside the SAP IQ column-oriented database
10 March 2016, TechTarget

What Will Happen After End Of Support For Sybase?
18 December 2019, E3zine.com

SAP data and analytics: in with the new, don't squander the old
22 July 2019, ZDNet

Forrester Research Names SAP a Leader in Data Management for Analytics
18 February 2020, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Factory for the cloud: Oracle outlines key differences with database competitors
12 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Qlik Partners With Snowflake To Access SAP Data
7 April 2021, CDOTrends

Baffle Data Protection Services is Now Available for Snowflake
26 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Snowflake Blasts into the Cloud Wars Top 10, Replacing #10 Adobe
7 April 2021, Cloud Wars

The Unstoppable Rise of Snowflake
7 April 2021, Techerati

provided by Google News

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