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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. SwayDB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. SwayDB vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Low-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresAn embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storageA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score3.14
Rank#97  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score4.00
Rank#84  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#336  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerrethinkdb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmlswaydb.iogithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsrethinkdb.com/­docsxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Sybase, SAPSimer PlahaJuxt Ltd.
Initial release20172009199320182019
Current release2.4.1, August 20201.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ScalaClojure
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyesnoyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesnolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesnono
TriggersnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding inforange basednonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
noneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationAtomic single-document operationsACIDAtomic execution of operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCC basedyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configuredyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infousers and table-level permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerRethinkDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSSwayDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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