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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Redis vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Redis vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.84
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score155.94
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score1.36
Rank#161  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerredis.com
redis.io
www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
docs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperGoogleRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release201720091998
Current release7.2.5, May 202411 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprisecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011with RediSQL moduleyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)PL/SQL
Triggersnopublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowthrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerRedisTimesTen
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Recent citations in the news

Google Improves Cloud Spanner: More Compute and Storage without Price Increase
14 October 2023, InfoQ.com

Google turns up the heat on AWS, claims Cloud Spanner is half the cost of DynamoDB
11 October 2023, TechCrunch

Google makes its Cloud Spanner database service faster and more cost-efficient
11 October 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Google Cloud just fired a major volley at AWS as the cloud wars heat up
12 October 2023, TechRadar

Google Spanner: When Do You Need to Move to It?
11 September 2023, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Redis moves to source-available licenses
25 March 2024, InfoWorld

Redis switches licenses, acquires Speedb to go beyond its core in-memory database
21 March 2024, TechCrunch

Redis expands data management capabilities with Speedb acquisition – Blocks and Files
22 March 2024, Blocks and Files

In-memory database Redis wants to dabble in disk
19 October 2023, The Register

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News



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