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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. RDF4J

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Our visitors often compare Google Cloud Spanner and RDF4J with Neo4j, GraphDB and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.54
Rank#225  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperGoogleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release20172004
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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