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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.85
Rank#99  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score2.68
Rank#104  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score130.54
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerpouchdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docspouchdb.com/­guideswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleApache Software FoundationDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201720122000
Current release7.1.1, June 20193.35.4  (2 April 2021), April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nono

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerPouchDBSQLite
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