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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#103  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score2.28
Rank#115  Overall
#21  Document stores
Score3.65
Rank#85  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerpouchdb.comrocksdb.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docspouchdb.com/­guidesgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleApache Software FoundationFacebook, Inc.
Initial release201720122013
Current release7.1.1, June 20198.11.4, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptC
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nono

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3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerPouchDBRocksDB
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Recent citations in the news

Google Improves Cloud Spanner: More Compute and Storage without Price Increase
14 October 2023, InfoQ.com

Google makes its Cloud Spanner database service faster and more cost-efficient
11 October 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Google turns up the heat on AWS, claims Cloud Spanner is half the cost of DynamoDB
11 October 2023, TechCrunch

Google Cloud just fired a major volley at AWS as the cloud wars heat up
12 October 2023, TechRadar

Google Spanner: When Do You Need to Move to It?
11 September 2023, hackernoon.com

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