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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.35
Rank#111  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score481.33
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release11.5, August 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs: With new funding, its future belongs in the cloud
6 August 2019, ZDNet

Google Releases Enterprise Database Options, Targets SQL Server Customers
13 August 2019, InfoQ.com

Google’s Cloud Spanner database adds new features and regions
19 December 2018, TechCrunch

Striim Launches PaaS Solution for Real-Time Data Integration to Google Cloud Spanner
2 April 2019, PRNewswire

Google Updates Cloud Spanner: Query Introspection, New Regions, and New Multi-Region Configurations
31 December 2018, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Database PostgreSQL makes transition from academia to enterprise
9 August 2019, TechHQ

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

TimescaleDB goes distributed; implements ‘Chunking’ over ‘Sharding’ for scaling-out
22 August 2019, Packt Hub

How to create a MySQL relational database in AWS
22 August 2019, TechRepublic

Data Base Management Systems Market : Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth by Players: Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL
13 August 2019, Insta Newsletters

provided by Google News

SAP SQL Anywhere
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

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2 April 2018, TechTarget

Data Management and the Internet of Things
3 November 2016, CloudTweaks News

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

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