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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle Rdb vs. RethinkDB vs. SwayDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle Rdb vs. RethinkDB vs. SwayDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.An embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.32
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.04
Rank#327  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlrethinkdb.comswaydb.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Simer Plaha
Initial release2017198420092018
Current release7.4.1.1, 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Scala
Server operating systemshostedHP Open VMSLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesnono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
TriggersnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationyes, on a single nodeAtomic single-document operationsAtomic execution of operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infousers and table-level permissionsno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerOracle RdbRethinkDBSwayDB
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