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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.55
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1272.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score55.53
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleOracleSAP
Initial release201719802010
Current release19c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerOracleSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Gives Spanner a PostgreSQL Interface
12 October 2021, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Google Bolsters Cloud Spanner with Point-in-Time Recovery
6 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud launches second Bare Metal Solution zone in Sydney
19 November 2021, CRN Australia

Google plays catch-up with JSON support for distributed RDBMS Spanner
8 September 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

Oracle beats NEC's fraud claims in dispute over database license
3 November 2021, Reuters

Quest Releases SharePlex 10.1.2 to Help Customers Get More
22 November 2021, GlobeNewswire

Amazon Introduces RDS Custom for Legacy and Custom Oracle Databases
30 October 2021, InfoQ.com

EDB Announces General Availability of a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud: BigAnimal
17 November 2021, InfoQ.com

System at the heart of scaled-back £30m Sheffield University project runs on end-of-life Oracle database
11 November 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

SIOS Protection Suite for Linux 9.6 Offers Faster Recovery of SAP HANA Database
17 November 2021, Database Trends and Applications

SAP SE: Accelerating digital transformation through products and services
28 November 2021, Cyprus Mail

New SIOS Protection Suite for Linux Version 9.6.0 Enhances Data Integrity Protection in Microsoft Azure and Enables Up to Five Times Faster Recovery Time for SAP HANA Databases
3 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

Sponsored post: Why SAP's move to a new learning experience is good news
16 November 2021, TechCrunch

Kyndryl forges VMware partnership, SAP agreement
19 November 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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