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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.02
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score503.37
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.54
Rank#127  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdoc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualstechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleNuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTmaxSoft
Initial release201720131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2003
Current release12.1, November 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CC and Assembler
Server operating systemshostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary tablenono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerNuoDBPostgreSQLTibero
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

Answers to Your 5 Questions about Database Scalability (Tech Blog)
6 December 2019

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

How Can I Confirm That My NuoDB Upgrade Completed Successfully? (Tech Blog)
20 November 2019

NuoDB Golang Operator Now Available, Delivering On Automated Day 2 Operations (Tech Blog)
13 November 2019

3 Inflection Points Transforming the Banking Industry (Corporate Blog)
29 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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