DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Open source graph databaseSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.02
Rank#110  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Complexible Inc.
Initial release201720072010
Current release3.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google opens second Japan cloud region
15 May 2019, ZDNet

Google Cloud launches Osaka data centre region, cites strategic importance of Japan
15 May 2019, Cloud Tech

Google’s Cloud Spanner database adds new features and regions
19 December 2018, TechCrunch

Google Cloud launches its second cloud region in Japan
17 May 2019, Data Economy

Google Cloud Spanner overview: 4 features to consider
29 March 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

New O'Reilly Graph Algorithms Book Now Available
25 April 2019, AiThority

AWS IAM, Amazon Neptune RDF, Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB, and Neo4j 3.5 Support Enhances Data Access and Enterprise Security
9 May 2019, PR Web

Global Graph Database Market 2019 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
13 May 2019, Biz Trends 24

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

Global Graph Database Market 2019 Scope – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
2 May 2019, Market Talk News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

GCP/Cloud Engineer
Tredence, Pleasanton, CA

Cloud Software Architect
Johnson Controls, Irvine, CA

Backend Engineer - Boston
Mercari, Boston, MA

Director of Engineering, Cloud SQL
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Backend Engineer, User Acquisition
Mercari, Palo Alto, CA

Data Architect (Remote)
First San Francisco Partners, Remote

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

Data Scientist
Thermo Fisher Scientific, Durham, NC

Consultant Global Risk Analysis
Control Risks Group Holdings Ltd, Washington, DC

Junior Data Analyst
CACI, Washington, DC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

RavenDB logo

Runs on Windows, Linux, Raspberry Pi. Easy to Operate, Fast Performance.
APIs for JS, .NET, Python.
Take a Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here