DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Open source graph databaseRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#232  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerneo4j.comraima.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.raima.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Raima Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2017200719841998
Current release4.1.2, September 202014.111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationPL/SQL
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
The world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
TimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Some of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Standard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing the FinCEN Files, Subway Journey Planner, Spotify Playlist Builder
26 September 2020

#GraphCast: FinCEN Files – How Banks Move Dirty Money Around the World
25 September 2020

Elsevier Boosts Global COVID-19 Research with Neo4j
24 September 2020

Chaos Engineering with Neo4j
23 September 2020

Analyzing the FinCEN Files with Neo4j
22 September 2020

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020

Raima and MontaVista announce strategic partnership
14 May 2020

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Raima comes to FreeRTOS
19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Using DAL For Migration From DynamoDB to Spanner and Bigtable
9 September 2020, hackernoon.com

Google, Gmail & Servers Down: 502 Error & Other Issues Reported
25 September 2020, Heavy.com

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Striim Offers New Data Migration Service for Google Cloud
17 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

NASA, ICIJ, ATPCO, Lyft and More Choose Neo4j for their Knowledge Graphs
23 September 2020, PRNewswire

GRAPH DATABASE MARKET OUTLOOK TO 2026 LEADING BY INDUSTRY PLAYERS LIKE ORACLE, IBM, MICROSOFT, AMAZON WEB SERVICES, INC., NEO4J, INC., TIBCO SOFTWARE INC
26 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Graph Database Market Growing at a CAGR 22.2% | Key Player IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, AWS, Neo4j
21 September 2020, virtual-strategy.com

ICIJ Turns to Big Data Tech to Unravel FinCEN Files
26 September 2020, Datanami

Graph Database Market Global Industry Share Analysis, Future Demand & Growth Rate to Witness High Demand By Amazon Web Services, Inc., Neo4j
19 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

provided by Google News

Raima and MontaVista Announce Strategic Partnership
14 May 2020, PRNewswire

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020, PR Web

LabVIEW integrates Raima's Database API
7 August 2013, Embedded.com

COVID-19: As one more tests positive, Hamirpur continues to have highest number of cases in HP
23 May 2020, Yahoo India News

What's the Difference Between SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL?
14 December 2019, Electronic Design

provided by Google News

Business Insider
25 January 2012, Business Insider

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Google Cloud Architect (Remote)/Google Cloud Engineer
CitiusTech, Remote

Senior Support Engineer, Google Cloud Platform
SADA, California

Product Marketing Manager, Databases, Google Cloud
Google, San Francisco, CA

Applications Development Manager
CEDENT, Brentwood, TN

Information Architect
Cardinal Health, Dublin, OH

Data Science Advocate (Remote)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Software Engineer - NodeJS, React, MongoDB, Neo4J
Northrop Grumman, Hill AFB, UT

Unreal Engine 4 Programmer/Developer
SEKAI, Remote

Junior Developer – U.S. Citizen Willing to Obtain a Secret Clearance
Synertex, Remote

Neo4J Graph Database Developer
Perito Systems Inc, Bristol, CT

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here