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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Newts

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Neo4j vs. Newts

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Open source graph databaseTime Series DBMS based on Cassandra
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.13
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#323  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerneo4j.comopennms.github.io/­newts
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.OpenNMS Group
Initial release201720072014
Current release4.0.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP REST
Java API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jNewts
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Performant Queries on Highly Connected, Growing Data
26 February 2020

Pokégraph: Gotta Graph ‘Em All!
25 February 2020

Sharding the LDBC Social Network
24 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Halin Monitoring, Analyzing CodeMotion Data, Exploring GGCD Graph, Clojure Release, and More 4.0
22 February 2020

#GraphCast: Migrating from Neo4j 3.5 to 4.0
21 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerNeo4jNewts
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Google Cloud opens its Seoul region
19 February 2020, TechCrunch

New Google Cloud Config Connector Treats Cloud Services Like Kubernetes Resources
9 February 2020, InfoQ.com

Google launches first cloud region in South Korea
19 February 2020, ZDNet

Striim Announces Incremental Data Capture From Google Cloud Spanner; Enhanced Delivery to Google Cloud Pub/Sub
19 November 2019, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Neo4j 4.0 graph database platform brings unlimited scaling
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Neo4j Updates Graph Database
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Neo4j Marks Another Year of Product, Customer and Community Momentum
29 January 2020, PRNewswire

Whaddya mean, 'niche'?! Neo4j's chief scientist schools El Reg on graph databases
5 February 2020, The Register

The world's airlines rely on graphs to offer travel options for customers -
27 February 2020, Enterprise Times

provided by Google News

WIRE Buzz: Newt's brother back for Fantastic Beasts 3; Haunted High-Ons scares up String; more
12 February 2020, BingePost

provided by Google News

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