DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.46
Rank#87  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.62
Rank#74  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score617.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.40
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release201720121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release15.1, November 202217, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesPercona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Table StoragePostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Spanner Introduces Free Trial Instances and Fine-Grained Access Control
24 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Google rolls out cloud database innovations, including free trial instances for Spanner
15 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Cloud Spanner Introduces Committed Use Discounts
19 March 2022, InfoQ.com

Akamai and Macrometa In Global Data Network Hookup
10 November 2022, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

How to use Azure Table storage in .Net
14 January 2019, InfoWorld

How to write data to Azure Table Store with an Azure Function
14 April 2017, Experts Exchange

What is Microsoft Azure and How it works, Azure Cloud Services, Demystifying Cloud Series by Satyen Kumar
16 June 2022, satyenkumar.medium.com

AWS Vs Azure Vs Google Cloud - Which cloud platform should you choose for your enterprise?
12 September 2022, Appinventiv

Microsoft Announces PostgreSQL Option for Cosmos DB
12 October 2022, thenewstack.io

provided by Google News

EDB brings new tools to open source PostgreSQL database
2 December 2022, TechTarget

Researchers Disclose Supply-Chain Flaw Affecting IBM Cloud Databases for PostgreSQL
2 December 2022, The Hacker News

Why We Built Cloud Native Object Storage for PostgreSQL with Amazon S3
29 November 2022, thenewstack.io

AWS Brings Trusted Extension Support to Managed Postgres
1 December 2022, thenewstack.io

New Features for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server
4 November 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

SAP Patch Day: November 2022
8 November 2022, Security Boulevard

SAP Security Patch Day: October 2022
11 October 2022, Security Boulevard

MindsDB is now the leading and fastest growing applied ML platform in the world
3 November 2022, PR Newswire

Security Bulletin 16 Nov 2022
16 November 2022, Cyber Security Agency of Singapore

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Engineer
Miracle Software Systems, Michigan

Cloud Relational Database Engineer
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Application Architect IV
Technoviz LLC, Remote

APPLICATION DEVELOPER
Atos, Memphis, TN

Site Reliability Engineer (SRE)
Astronomer, Remote

Azure Developer
Brillio, Edison, NJ

Office 365, Azure Consultant
Canviz, Kirkland, WA

Staff Software Engineer - Geo Spatial Storage (GSS) Platform
Raven Applied Technology Div, Sioux Falls, SD

Application Architect
DMI, Remote

Developer - Senior Level
OverDrive, Inc., Cleveland, OH

PostgreSQL DB
Cognizant, Atlanta, GA

Full Stack Developer
Shtudy, Remote

Junior Python Software Engineer
Ascend Analytics, LLC, Boulder, CO

PostgreSQL DBA
Luxoft, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Engineer
Leidos, Windsor Mill, MD

Database Engineer
ECR Software Corporation, Boone, NC

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here