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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.13
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score31.95
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.86
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score123.36
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20172014201219922000
Current release17, July 20153.31.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like query languagenoyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptnoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
TriggersnoJavaScriptnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSQLite
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