DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.47
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#310  Overall
#30  Graph DBMS
Score0.98
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannermemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperGoogleMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release201720172019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno
Triggersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Import data from Neo4j to Nebula Graph via Nebula Exchange: Best Practices
19 January 2021

Nebula Flink Connector: Principles and Practices
7 January 2021

Nebula Spark Connector Reader: Principles and Practices
25 December 2020

Troubleshooting a Crash Triggered by Clang Compiler Optimization
16 December 2020

Nebula Graph v1.2.0 Release Note
8 December 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerMemgraphNebula Graph
Recent citations in the news

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Google Releases Spanner Emulator
1 June 2020, iProgrammer

Google’s Cloud Spanner database adds new features and regions
19 December 2018, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph. – NeighborWebSJ
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Database Market Growth Will Be Sharply Higher By 2026 – NeighborWebSJ
5 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Database: How Technology is upgrading the Industry – IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph.
24 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

SQM and CEM Market Report 2026: Adobe Systems, HP, IBM, Oracle, – NeighborWebSJ
29 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Database Market: A Comprehensive study explores Huge Growth in Future – NeighborWebSJ
24 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

The World's Most Capable Graph Database, Nebula Graph™, Debuts for Unmatched Big Data Analytics Discovery
29 June 2020, PR Web

Nebula Graph™ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

Nebula Graph secures $10 Million in latest funding round
15 December 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Nebula Graph Raises $8M in Series Pre-A Funding
15 June 2020, FinSMEs

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Google Cloud Platform Administration
Apexx Strategies Ltd., Reston, VA

Data Science Intern
Quizlet, Remote

Software Engineer - Personalization
Honey, Los Angeles, CA

Senior GCP Architect | REMOTE JOB
iknowvate technologies, Memphis, TN

Technical Architect - Private Cloud
Marriott International, Inc, Gaithersburg, MD

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here