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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score10.07
Rank#42  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score6.30
Rank#61  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.marklogic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperGoogleMarkLogic Corp.MicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2017200120141992
Current release9.0, 201717, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infoSQL92SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Recent citations in the news

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