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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. JanusGraph vs. Lovefield vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. JanusGraph vs. Lovefield vs. MonetDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.73
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score2.40
Rank#117  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#286  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score1.80
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerjanusgraph.orggoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.janusgraph.orggithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperGoogleLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusGoogleMonetDB BV
Initial release2017201720142004
Current release0.6.1, January 20222.1.12, February 2017Jul2021-SP2, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
JavaScriptC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesnoyes, in SQL, C, R
TriggersnoyesUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)noneSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesnonenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph Servernofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanLovefieldMonetDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanLovefieldMonetDB
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