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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Ignite vs. JSqlDb vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Ignite vs. JSqlDb vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
JSqlDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.JavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.24
Rank#91  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score6.14
Rank#68  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score104.91
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerignite.apache.orgjsqldb.org (offline)mariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsapacheignite.readme.io/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperGoogleApache Software FoundationKonrad von BackstromMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2017201520182009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995
Current releaseApache Ignite 2.60.8, December 201810.9.4, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011ANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)functions in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnoyes (cache interceptors and events)noyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes (replicated cache)noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Security Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerIgniteJSqlDbMariaDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIgniteJSqlDbMariaDB
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