DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. IRONdb vs. Kdb+ vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. IRONdb vs. Kdb+ vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityHigh performance Time Series DBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.49
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#349  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score7.68
Rank#58  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score23.10
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasekx.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.circonus.com/­irondbcode.kx.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogleCirconus LLC.Kx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcMicrosoft
Initial release201720172000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 20032016
Current releaseV0.10.20, January 20183.6, May 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree 32-bit versioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++qC++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)SQL-like query language (q)yes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP APIHTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, in Luauser defined functionsTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyes infowith viewsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodehorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.configurable replication factor, datacenter awareSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)norights management via user accountsyes

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIRONdbKdb+Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
DB-Engines blog posts

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Spanner Introduces Free Trial Instances and Fine-Grained Access Control
24 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Google rolls out cloud database innovations, including free trial instances for Spanner
15 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Google Cloud expands its cybersecurity and automation capabilities
30 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

PostgreSQL Interface for Cloud Spanner Now Generally Available
7 July 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Spanner Gets Change Streams
6 April 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

Circonus Simplifies Monitoring & Observability for Large Enterprises
11 May 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

KX Welcomes New Languages to Speedy Analytics Database
2 November 2021, Datanami

KX: U.S. Businesses Could Gain $2.3T in Total Revenue with Real-time Analytics
23 August 2022, Datanami

A conversation with KX -
21 April 2022, Enterprise Times

Treliant Forms Alliance with KX
11 May 2022, Traders Magazine

Study finds businesses can realize 315% ROI with KX Insights real-time data analytics platform
5 April 2022, RealWire

provided by Google News

What is Azure Data Factory?
9 September 2022, Petri.com

Building a Data Lakehouse in Azure with Databricks
3 September 2022, Medium

State and Local Agencies Automate Data Analysis with Software as a Service
30 September 2022, StateTech Magazine

Real-time Analytics News for Week Ending October 1
2 October 2022, rtinsights.com

Lufthansa Selects Datometry to Accelerate Data Warehouse Modernization
21 September 2022, Aviation Pros

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cloud Relational Database Engineer
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Data Engineer (100% remote)
Piper Companies, Remote

Google cloud architect
Tekshapers Software Solutions Pvt Ltd, Raritan, NJ

GCP Architect
The Getch, Chicago, IL

Public Cloud Services Engineer
Citi, New York, NY

Senior Site Reliability Engineer
Tickets.com, Costa Mesa, CA

Site Reliability Engineer
Tickets.com, Costa Mesa, CA

Azure Synapse Developer
Cognizant, Atlanta, GA

Azure Cloud Engineer
Tek Ninjas, Minneapolis, MN

Digital Sales Representative - Azure Data & AI
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Azure Architect
Brillio, Redmond, WA

Sr. Azure Data Engineer
Wolverine Worldwide, Rockford, MI

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here