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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Cloud-based data warehousing serviceA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.19
Rank#95  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#130  Overall
#21  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#64  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehousewww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irisazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogleIBMInterSystemsMicrosoft
Initial release2017201420182016
Current release2021.1, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL, SQL PLyesTransact SQL
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesyes

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBInterSystems IRISMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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