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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 vs. jBASE vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 vs. jBASE vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonjBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA robust multi-value DBMS comprising development tools and middlewareDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.32
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score165.96
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#132  Overall
#3  Multivalue DBMS
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.jbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.zumasys.com/­jbasedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperGoogleIBMZumasysMicrosoft
Initial release20171983 infohost version19912010
Current release12.1, October 20165.7V12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Linux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesEmbedded SQL for jBASE in BASICyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Basic
Jabbascript
Java
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yesyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2jBASEMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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Recent citations in the news

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

Google introduces hosted notebook instances, Anthos for VMs, and PostgreSQL interface for Spanner to cloud portfolio • DEVCLASS
14 October 2021, DevClass

Google Cloud rolls out new storage products for better data protection
16 September 2021, ZDNet

Google to build cut of its cloud operated by France’s Thales, for French government clients
6 October 2021, The Register

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McNeely Technology Solutions Expands DB Services to Include Db2 LUW
28 September 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Db2 PTF Group Enhancements Target Web Services, Audit Journal
4 October 2021, IT Jungle

What is Db2? - Definition from Techopedia
31 August 2021, Techopedia

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

Rocket Software Names New CEO
6 October 2021, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

Zumasys Acquires Two Software Companies to Extend jBASE
25 August 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Zumasys, Inc
5 March 2019, International Spectrum Magazine

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New Microsoft Learn Modules: Azure SQL IoT and Azure Arc-enabled data services - Microsoft
23 September 2021, Channel 9

How to find the right Azure SQL SKU for your SQL workloads - Microsoft
30 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Q&A with Karen Lopez: A Database Designer's Favorite New SQL Server Features
22 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

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