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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDB
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.69
Rank#112  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score171.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score25.40
Rank#27  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­us/­en/­db2www.ibm.com/­analytics/­informix
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
DeveloperGoogleIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.
Initial release20171983 infohost version1984
Current release12.1, October 201614.10, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C, C++ and Java
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controls

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Informix
Conferences and events

IDUG Db2 Tech Conference Europe 2019
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 29-24 October 2019

IIUG Informix Conference 2019
Los Angeles, California, USA, 22-26 September 2019

Recent citations in the news

How The Cloud Transformed Our Systems—And My Career
19 September 2019, Forbes

Database, Data Management Upgrades Keep Coming
18 September 2019, Datanami

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11 September 2019, TechTarget

Google’s Cloud Spanner database adds new features and regions
19 December 2018, TechCrunch

Google Updates Cloud Spanner: Query Introspection, New Regions, and New Multi-Region Configurations
31 December 2018, InfoQ.com

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20 September 2019, Barron's

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30 August 2019, insideHPC

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