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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score4.09
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score0.92
Rank#175  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docscloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperGoogleIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Memgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release2017201020172019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScript
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerIBM CloudantMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerIBM CloudantMemgraphNebula Graph
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