DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HyperSQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HyperSQL vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score5.53
Rank#71  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score127.43
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhsqldb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201720012000
Current release2.6.1, October 20213.37.2  (6 January 2022), January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesserver-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, SQLno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Spanner Dialect for SQLAlchemy is Generally Available
15 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Gives Spanner a PostgreSQL Interface
12 October 2021, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Database in the cloud: All about Google Cloud Spanner
29 October 2021, TechGenix

Google Cloud Digital Leader exam guide has been updated from January 26, 2022
6 January 2022, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

How to Set Up a New Database With LibreOffice Base
19 November 2020, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

How to Install SQLite 3 on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS
11 January 2022, Linux Shout

Top platforms to assess skills of data scientists in 2022
17 January 2022, Analytics India Magazine

SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

SQLite Extraction of Oracle Tables Tools, Methods and Pitfalls
20 July 2021, Linux Journal

SQLite Vulnerability May Be Putting Your Applications at Risk
8 July 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Staff Software Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Software Engineer III, Google Play
Google, Atlanta, GA

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) Data Warehouse Architect
Capgemini, Chicago, IL

Application Engineer, Supply Chain System
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Google Cloud Spanner Database SME
NR Consulting LLC, Parsippany, NJ

Business Support Specialist
Diligene, New York, NY

Associate Full Stack Software Developer
Maxar Technologies, Ypsilanti, MI

Software Engineer
Consumer Direct Care Network, Missoula, MT

Android Developer
Pomeroy Technologies, LLC., Remote

Junior Data Analyst
PCS Global Tech, Los Angeles, CA

Developer
Self Storage Base, Irvine, CA

Web Developer
ANT USA, New York, NY

Mobile Developer
Key Software Systems, Township of Wall, NJ

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here