DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.32
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score4.60
Rank#76  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhsqldb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201720011989
Current release2.6.0, March 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infobased on BSD licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft SQL Server
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

Google Cloud Next: Meeting the enterprise where it lives
18 October 2021, ZDNet

Google introduces hosted notebook instances, Anthos for VMs, and PostgreSQL interface for Spanner to cloud portfolio • DEVCLASS
14 October 2021, DevClass

In the enterprise, Google Cloud gets boring
18 October 2021, ARNnet

Two months after Microsoft's fee slash, Google prepares to take a lower cut from vendors on Cloud Platform
27 September 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

How to Set Up a New Database With LibreOffice Base
19 November 2020, MakeUseOf

DataGrip 1.0: A New IDE for DBs and SQL
31 December 2015, DZone News

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

JetBrains Releases DataGrip 1.0 for SQL DBAs and Developers
24 December 2015, InfoQ.com

Migrating a Legacy Application to CUBA Platform
16 February 2017, DZone News

provided by Google News

Best practices for running Microsoft SQL Server on AWS
18 October 2021, IT PRO

FlexPod Datacenter & SQL Server: A Championship Team Gets Better!
18 October 2021, Marketscreener.com

The 4 Best SQL Server Tutorials to Watch on YouTube Right Now
27 September 2021, Solutions Review

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

It's time to get off Windows and SQL Server 2012 (or run them on Azure)
1 October 2021, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Staff Software Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Systems Engineer
Major League Baseball, Boulder, CO

Principal Database Administration
Sabre, Dallas, TX

Software Engineer, Backend (remote)
Mercari, California

Power BI Developer
PLUTO 7, San Jose, CA

Associate Full Stack Software Developer
Maxar Technologies, Ypsilanti, MI

Business Support Specialist
Diligene, New York, NY

SQL Server Database Administrator
VV Tech Solutions, Austin, TX

SQL Server DBA-Part-Time (Remote)
NEXGEN TECHNOLOGIES INC., Lakewood, CO

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Seattle, WA

SQL Server DBA - Texas
ePATHUSA Inc, Houston, TX

SQL Server DBA
Reqsta LLC, Medford, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here