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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HugeGraph vs. TempoIQ vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HugeGraph vs. TempoIQ vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.11
Rank#89  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­hugegraphtempoiq.com (offline)www.torodb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperGoogleBaiduTempoIQ8Kdata
Initial release2017201820122016
Current release0.9
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Unix
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoalso supports composite index and range index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Groovy
Java
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoasynchronous Gremlin script jobsno
Triggersnonoyes infoRealtime Alertsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowvia hugegraph-sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoedges in graphnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissionssimple authentication-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHugeGraphTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBToroDB
Recent citations in the news

Managing databases in a hybrid cloud: 8 key considerations
14 July 2022, TechTarget

Google Cloud Spanner Gets Change Streams
6 April 2022, Datanami

Cloud Spanner Introduces Committed Use Discounts
19 March 2022, InfoQ.com

Google expands Cloud Spanner database with PostgreSQL
12 October 2021, TechTarget

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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