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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTime Series DBMS based on CassandraLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serveropennms.github.io/­newtswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servergithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleSpotifyMicrosoftOpenNMS GroupSybase, SAP
Initial release20172014198920141993
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
Java API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaDelphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesnono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHeroicMicrosoft SQL ServerNewtsSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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