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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0www.tempoiq.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.orgapp.tempoiq.com/­docs/­html/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetBasho TechnologiesSTS Soft SCTempoIQ
Initial release20172008200920112012
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnorestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nononono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client APIHTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript and Erlangnono
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnoyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono infolinks between data sets can be storednono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)nonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnonosimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRiak KVSTSdbTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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