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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. Sqrrl vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. Sqrrl vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache AccumuloKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kvsqrrl.comstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.org
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetBasho TechnologiesAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.STS Soft SC
Initial release20172008200920122011
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangJavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
LinuxWindows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnorestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nononono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript and Erlangnono
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infomaking use of Hadoopnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factorselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoopnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono infolinks between data sets can be storednono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entityno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnoCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)no

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Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRiak KVSqrrlSTSdb
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