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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. Solr vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV vs. Solr vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesSearch engineKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score53.59
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kvlucene.apache.org/­solrstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.orglucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetBasho TechnologiesApache Software FoundationSTS Soft SC
Initial release20172008200920062011
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 20158.4.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangJavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROnoyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnorestrictedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript and ErlangJava pluginsno
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factoryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr; and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono infolinks between data sets can be storednono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)nooptimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACnoyesno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRiak KVSolrSTSdb
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