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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.13
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score52.95
Rank#20  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score5.47
Rank#58  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.org
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetBasho Technologies
Initial release201720082009
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRiak KV
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Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud opens its Seoul region
19 February 2020, TechCrunch

Google lays out HarbourBridge to tempt PostgreSQL users onto Cloud Spanner • DEVCLASS
13 February 2020, DevClass

Google launches first cloud region in South Korea
19 February 2020, ZDNet

New Google Cloud Config Connector Treats Cloud Services Like Kubernetes Resources
9 February 2020, InfoQ.com

Striim Announces Incremental Data Capture From Google Cloud Spanner; Enhanced Delivery to Google Cloud Pub/Sub
19 November 2019, Business Wire

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Cloudera Extends Apache HBase To Use Amazon S3
4 October 2019, iProgrammer

News Bits: Cloudera, Supermicro, Oracle, Plugable, AWS, IGEL, Datera, & HiveIO | StorageReview.com
26 January 2020, StorageReview.com

HBase 1.4 With New Shaded Client
2 January 2018, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Basho's database downfall highlights danger of bringing too-niche tech to market
10 July 2018, TechRepublic

NoSQL database Riak acquired following Basho’s fall from grace
13 September 2017, Computer Business Review

Basho, Maker of Riak NoSQL Database, Raises $25M
13 January 2015, Data Center Knowledge

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