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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Realm vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. Realm vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score8.54
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgrealm.ioriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.orgrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Basho TechnologiesSTS Soft SC
Initial release20172008201420092011
Current release2.2.0, June 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nononono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javano inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listenersyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
noneselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonono infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACyesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRealmRiak KVSTSdb
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseRealmRiak KVSTSdb
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