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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. MarkLogic vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. HBase vs. MarkLogic vs. Riak KV vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score50.15
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score11.26
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score5.24
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#296  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerhbase.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshbase.apache.orgdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMarkLogic Corp.Basho TechnologiesSTS Soft SC
Initial release20172008200120092011
Current release2.2.0, June 20199.0, 20172.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++ErlangC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infoSQL92nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonono infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseMarkLogicRiak KVSTSdb
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerHBaseMarkLogicRiak KVSTSdb
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