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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Key-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.32
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score9.72
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.h2database.comgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperGoogleThomas MuellerSTS Soft SC
Initial release201720052011
Current release1.4.200, October 20194.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC#
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMWindows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaC#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerH2STSdb
Recent citations in the news

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

Google introduces hosted notebook instances, Anthos for VMs, and PostgreSQL interface for Spanner to cloud portfolio • DEVCLASS
14 October 2021, DevClass

Google Cloud Next: Meeting the enterprise where it lives
18 October 2021, ZDNet

Alphabet (GOOGL) Q3 Earnings to Gain on Google Cloud Strength
22 October 2021, Nasdaq

Google Bolsters Cloud Spanner with Point-in-Time Recovery
6 April 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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