DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. MarkLogic vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. MarkLogic vs. Milvus

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score9.19
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score0.38
Rank#257  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.h2database.comwww.marklogic.commilvus.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.marklogic.commilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperGoogleThomas MuellerMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release2017200520012019
Current release2.1.210, January 20229.0, 20171.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsno
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerH2MarkLogicMilvus
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerH2MarkLogicMilvus
Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Spanner Dialect for SQLAlchemy is Generally Available
15 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Gives Spanner a PostgreSQL Interface
12 October 2021, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Database in the cloud: All about Google Cloud Spanner
29 October 2021, TechGenix

Google Bolsters Cloud Spanner with Point-in-Time Recovery
6 April 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

RDF Databases Software Market Outlook 2022 to 2031 | Marklogic, Ontotext, The Apache Software Foundation, Franz – The Oxford Spokesman
24 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

Vector Capital-Backed MarkLogic Buys Semantic Tech Maker Smartlogic
29 November 2021, GovCon Wire

MarkLogic Acquires Smartlogic
23 November 2021, Datanami

Global Relational Database Management Systems Market 2021 | Industry Size, Growth, Emerging Trends, Business Opportunities to 2027 – Discovery Sports Media
19 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Graph Database Market Report 2022 Market SWOT Analysis,Key Indicators,Forecast 2027 : IBM,Tigergraph,Tibco Software,Teradata,Stardog – Discovery Sports Media
19 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

provided by Google News

What Is Vector Similarity Search? | Business Applications of Vector Search
11 August 2021, CIO Insight

Milvus, the AI Search Engine, Originally Developed by Zilliz Joins LF AI as New Incubation Project
10 April 2020, PRNewswire

5 AI startups leading MLops
21 June 2021, InfoWorld

Zilliz Raises $43M to Build AI-powered Unstructured Data
16 November 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Staff Software Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Google Cloud Spanner Database SME
NR Consulting LLC, Parsippany, NJ

Software Engineer III, Google Play
Google, Atlanta, GA

Managing Director, Product Activation, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Cloud Engineer (Expert) - App & Platform Mgmt - IT - Cor
Bayer, St. Louis, MO

Database Administrator
LT Consulting LLC, Reston, VA

Cloud DevOps- Junior to Mid Level
Trusted Concepts, Inc, Herndon, VA

Manager, PS Project Management
opentext, Remote

Sr Database Administrator
Gartner, Irving, TX

Lead Applications Developer-HT (Remote)
Broadridge, Newark, NJ

Machine Learning Engineer II
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here