DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. HarperDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. H2 vs. HarperDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ultra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.38
Rank#92  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score8.46
Rank#53  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#267  Overall
#39  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.h2database.comharperdb.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overview
DeveloperGoogleThomas MuellerHarperDB
Initial release201720052017
Current release2.1.210, January 20223.1, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree community edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaNode.js
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesdynamic schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesSQL-like data manipulation statements
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a cluster
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be defined
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDAtomic execution of specific operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, using LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerH2HarperDB
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Market metricsOver 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerH2HarperDB
Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud and Deloitte Boost Grocery Associate Productivity and ...
20 January 2023, PR Newswire

Kroger upgrades to cloud-based IT architecture for retail operations
24 January 2023, Winsight Grocery Business

Database Futures with a Cockroach Labs Co-Founder
27 January 2023, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Introduces Free Trial Instances and Fine ...
24 September 2022, InfoQ.com

PostgreSQL Interface for Cloud Spanner Now Generally Available
7 July 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

HarperDB 4.0 integrates with open-source connectivity platform ...
17 January 2023, SiliconANGLE News

NATS, An Open Source Connection Technology Now Includes ...
19 January 2023, Open Source For You

Stephen Goldberg Named 2023 Bill Daniels Ethical Leader of the ...
9 January 2023, business-news.ucdenver.edu

Edison Interactive partners with HarperDB to deliver premier digital ...
30 August 2022, PR Newswire

Jaxon Repp on HarperDB Distributed Database Platform
23 March 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Staff Software Site Reliability Architect
Credit Karma, Charlotte, NC

Cloud Relational Database Engineer
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Cloud Data Architect (GCP)
Moorecroft Systems, Dayton, OH

GCP Data Engineer - 5 (US Onshore) - W2 only - Remote
TheHive, Remote

Software Developer (Remote-Friendly)
Vendasta, Boston, MA

NoSQL Data Engineer Work from Home
Lumen, Remote

DevOps Engineer
HarperDB, Inc., Remote

NodeJS Customer Success Engineer
HarperDB, Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here