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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#184  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score0.92
Rank#175  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergriddb.netmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.griddb.netdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperGoogleToshiba CorporationMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release2017201320172019
Current release4.5, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocolBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID at container levelACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGridDBMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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