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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score1.23
Rank#159  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score160.32
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score55.09
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergriddb.netwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.griddb.netwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleToshiba CorporationIBMSAP
Initial release201720131983 infohost version2010
Current release4.6, February 202112.1, October 20162.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)yesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID at container levelACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGridDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2SAP HANA
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGridDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2SAP HANA
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