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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#71  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score126.68
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohelp.sap.com/­iqwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisSAP, formerly SybaseDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2017200619942000
Current release16.1 SPS04, April 20193.33.0 (August 14, 2020), August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesno
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexernone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneSAP/Sybase Replication Servernone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownoHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSQLite
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