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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.37
Rank#109  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score3.83
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iordf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201720062004
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nono

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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