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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used in-process key-value storeColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#71  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2017200619941994
Current release18.1 (Core), June 201816.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infocommercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersnonoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneSource-replica replicationSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownonoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteOracle Berkeley DBSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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