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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used RDBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1369.36
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#71  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisOracleSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2017200619801994
Current release19c, February 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
SAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono infocan be realized in PL/SQLHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteOracleSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteOracleSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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