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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperTimeSeries DBMS for IoT and BigDataOpen source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score4.68
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#267  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score53.79
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.machbase.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.ioendoc.machbase.comneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisMachbaseNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2017200620132007
Current releaseV4.04.2.2, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonCJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnononoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infovolatile and lookup table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nosimple password-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4j
Specific characteristicsMachbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesFastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosDistributed Query In Machbase Cluster Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersSamsung, POSCO, Hyundai
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsReal-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMachbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4j
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