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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Impala vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Impala vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperAnalytic DBMS for HadoopRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score15.52
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#237  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#115  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlraima.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.raima.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisClouderaRaima Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20172006201319841998
Current release3.3.0, August 201914.111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
LinuxAndroid
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationPL/SQL
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteImpalaRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsThe world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosTimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
News

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19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteImpalaRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
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