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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Riak KV vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Riak KV vs. SAP IQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#78  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score5.38
Rank#69  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score4.96
Rank#77  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webriak.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisHypertable Inc.Basho TechnologiesSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release20172006200920091994
Current release0.9.8.11, March 20162.1.0, April 201516.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC++Erlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nononoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
C++ API
Thrift
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoJavaScript and Erlangyes
Triggersnononoyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"shared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factor on file system levelselectable replication factorSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownoyesyesHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonono infolinks between data sets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nononofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHypertableRiak KVSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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