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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#237  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webraima.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.raima.comgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisHypertable Inc.Raima Inc.Aurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20172006200919842012
Current release0.9.8.11, March 201614.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonC++CJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possible
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
C++ API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationyes
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioningyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factor on file system levelSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyesnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nononoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHypertableRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTitan
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More resources
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