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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Impala vs. Raima Database Manager

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Hypertable vs. Impala vs. Raima Database Manager

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score15.52
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#237  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlraima.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.raima.com
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisHypertable Inc.ClouderaRaima Inc.
Initial release20172006200920131984
Current release0.9.8.11, March 20163.3.0, August 201914.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC++C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
LinuxAndroid
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlynoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possible
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
C++ API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specification
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factor on file system levelselectable replication factorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHypertableImpalaRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
News

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020

Raima and MontaVista announce strategic partnership
14 May 2020

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Raima comes to FreeRTOS
19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHypertableImpalaRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista
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